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Components

Over a dozen reusable components built to provide buttons, dropdowns, input groups, navigation, alerts, and much more.

Forms

Bootstrap provides several form control styles, layout options, and custom components for creating a wide variety of forms.

Contents

Form controls

Bootstrap’s form controls expand on our Rebooted form styles with classes. Use these classes to opt into their customized displays for a more consistent rendering across browsers and devices. The example form below demonstrates common HTML form elements that receive updated styles from Bootstrap with additional classes.

Remember, since Bootstrap utilizes the HTML5 doctype, all inputs must have a type attribute.

We'll never share your email with anyone else.
This is some placeholder block-level help text for the above input. It's a bit lighter and easily wraps to a new line.
Radio buttons
<form>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleInputEmail1">Email address</label>
    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail1" aria-describedby="emailHelp" placeholder="Enter email">
    <small id="emailHelp" class="form-text text-muted">We'll never share your email with anyone else.</small>
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleInputPassword1">Password</label>
    <input type="password" class="form-control" id="exampleInputPassword1" placeholder="Password">
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleSelect1">Example select</label>
    <select class="form-control" id="exampleSelect1">
      <option>1</option>
      <option>2</option>
      <option>3</option>
      <option>4</option>
      <option>5</option>
    </select>
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleSelect2">Example multiple select</label>
    <select multiple class="form-control" id="exampleSelect2">
      <option>1</option>
      <option>2</option>
      <option>3</option>
      <option>4</option>
      <option>5</option>
    </select>
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleTextarea">Example textarea</label>
    <textarea class="form-control" id="exampleTextarea" rows="3"></textarea>
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleInputFile">File input</label>
    <input type="file" class="form-control-file" id="exampleInputFile" aria-describedby="fileHelp">
    <small id="fileHelp" class="form-text text-muted">This is some placeholder block-level help text for the above input. It's a bit lighter and easily wraps to a new line.</small>
  </div>
  <fieldset class="form-group">
    <legend>Radio buttons</legend>
    <div class="radio">
      <label>
        <input type="radio" name="optionsRadios" id="optionsRadios1" value="option1" checked>
        Option one is this and that&mdash;be sure to include why it's great
      </label>
    </div>
    <div class="radio">
      <label>
        <input type="radio" name="optionsRadios" id="optionsRadios2" value="option2">
        Option two can be something else and selecting it will deselect option one
      </label>
    </div>
    <div class="radio disabled">
      <label>
        <input type="radio" name="optionsRadios" id="optionsRadios3" value="option3" disabled>
        Option three is disabled
      </label>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
  <div class="checkbox">
    <label>
      <input type="checkbox"> Check me out
    </label>
  </div>
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
</form>

Below is a complete list of the specific form controls supported by Bootstrap and the classes that customize them. Additional documentation is available for each group.

Classes Used for Supported variations

.form-group

Any group of form controls

Use with any block-level element like <fieldset> or <div>

.form-control

Textual inputs

text, password, datetime-local, date, month, time, week, number, email, url, search, tel, color

Select menus

multiple, size

Textareas N/A

.form-control-file

File inputs

file

.radio
.radio-inline
.checkbox
.checkbox-inline

Checkboxes and radios N/A

Textual inputs

Here are examples of .form-control applied to each textual HTML5 <input> type.

<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-text-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Text</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="text" value="Artisanal kale" id="example-text-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-search-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Search</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="search" value="How do I shoot web" id="example-search-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-email-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Email</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="email" value="[email protected]" id="example-email-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-url-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">URL</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="url" value="http://getbootstrap.com" id="example-url-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-tel-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Telephone</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="tel" value="1-(555)-555-5555" id="example-tel-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-password-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Password</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="password" value="hunter2" id="example-password-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-number-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Number</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="number" value="42" id="example-number-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-datetime-local-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Date and time</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="datetime-local" value="2011-08-19T13:45:00" id="example-datetime-local-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-date-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Date</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="date" value="2011-08-19" id="example-date-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-month-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Month</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="month" value="2011-08" id="example-month-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-week-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Week</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="week" value="2011-W33" id="example-week-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-time-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Time</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="time" value="13:45:00" id="example-time-input">
  </div>
</div>
<div class="form-group row">
  <label for="example-color-input" class="col-xs-2 col-form-label">Color</label>
  <div class="col-xs-10">
    <input class="form-control" type="color" value="#563d7c" id="example-color-input">
  </div>
</div>

Form layouts

Since Bootstrap applies display: block and width: 100% to almost all our form controls, forms will by default stack vertically. Additional classes can be used to vary this layout on a per-form basis.

Form groups

The .form-group class is the easiest way to add some structure to forms. Its only purpose is to provide margin-bottom around a label and control pairing. As a bonus, since it’s a class you can use it with <fieldset>s, <div>s, or nearly any other element.

<form>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="formGroupExampleInput">Example label</label>
    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="formGroupExampleInput" placeholder="Example input">
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="formGroupExampleInput2">Another label</label>
    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="formGroupExampleInput2" placeholder="Another input">
  </div>
</form>

Inline forms

Use the .form-inline class to display a series of labels, form controls, and buttons on a single horizontal row. Form controls within inline forms behave differently:

  • Controls are display: inline-block to provide alignment control via vertical-align and margin.
  • Controls receive width: auto to override the Bootstrap default width: 100%.
  • Controls only appear inline in viewports that are at least 768px wide to account for narrow viewports on mobile devices.

Because of this, you may need to manually address the width and alignment of individual form controls. Lastly, as shown below, you should always include a <label> with each form control.

Visible labels

<form class="form-inline">
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleInputName2">Name</label>
    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="exampleInputName2" placeholder="Jane Doe">
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="exampleInputEmail2">Email</label>
    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail2" placeholder="[email protected]">
  </div>
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Send invitation</button>
</form>

Hidden labels

<form class="form-inline">
  <div class="form-group">
    <label class="sr-only" for="exampleInputEmail3">Email address</label>
    <input type="email" class="form-control" id="exampleInputEmail3" placeholder="Enter email">
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label class="sr-only" for="exampleInputPassword3">Password</label>
    <input type="password" class="form-control" id="exampleInputPassword3" placeholder="Password">
  </div>
  <div class="form-check">
    <label class="form-check-label">
      <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox"> Remember me
    </label>
  </div>
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Sign in</button>
</form>
$
.00
<form class="form-inline">
  <div class="form-group">
    <label class="sr-only" for="exampleInputAmount">Amount (in dollars)</label>
    <div class="input-group">
      <div class="input-group-addon">$</div>
      <input type="text" class="form-control" id="exampleInputAmount" placeholder="Amount">
      <div class="input-group-addon">.00</div>
    </div>
  </div>
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Transfer cash</button>
</form>

Alternatives to hidden labels

Assistive technologies such as screen readers will have trouble with your forms if you don’t include a label for every input. For these inline forms, you can hide the labels using the .sr-only class. There are further alternative methods of providing a label for assistive technologies, such as the aria-label, aria-labelledby or title attribute. If none of these are present, assistive technologies may resort to using the placeholder attribute, if present, but note that use of placeholder as a replacement for other labelling methods is not advised.

Using the Grid

For more structured form layouts that are also responsive, you can utilize Bootstrap’s predefined grid classes or mixins to create horizontal forms. Add the .row class to form groups and use the .col-*-* classes to specify the width of your labels and controls.

Be sure to add .col-form-label to your <label>s as well so they’re vertically centered with their associated form controls. For <legend> elements, you can use .col-form-legend to make them appear similar to regular <label> elements.

Radios
<div class="container">
  <form>
    <div class="form-group row">
      <label for="inputEmail3" class="col-sm-2 col-form-label">Email</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <input type="email" class="form-control" id="inputEmail3" placeholder="Email">
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group row">
      <label for="inputPassword3" class="col-sm-2 col-form-label">Password</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <input type="password" class="form-control" id="inputPassword3" placeholder="Password">
      </div>
    </div>
    <fieldset class="form-group row">
      <legend class="col-form-legend col-sm-2">Radios</legend>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <div class="form-check">
          <label class="form-check-label">
            <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="gridRadios" id="gridRadios1" value="option1" checked>
            Option one is this and that&mdash;be sure to include why it's great
          </label>
        </div>
        <div class="form-check">
          <label class="form-check-label">
            <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="gridRadios" id="gridRadios2" value="option2">
            Option two can be something else and selecting it will deselect option one
          </label>
        </div>
        <div class="form-check disabled">
          <label class="form-check-label">
            <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="gridRadios" id="gridRadios3" value="option3" disabled>
            Option three is disabled
          </label>
        </div>
      </div>
    </fieldset>
    <div class="form-group row">
      <label class="col-sm-2">Checkbox</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <div class="form-check">
          <label class="form-check-label">
            <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox"> Check me out
          </label>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group row">
      <div class="offset-sm-2 col-sm-10">
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Sign in</button>
      </div>
    </div>
  </form>
</div>

Grid-based form layouts also support large and small inputs.

<div class="container">
  <form>
    <div class="form-group row">
      <label for="lgFormGroupInput" class="col-sm-2 col-form-label col-form-label-lg">Email</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <input type="email" class="form-control form-control-lg" id="lgFormGroupInput" placeholder="[email protected]">
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group row">
      <label for="smFormGroupInput" class="col-sm-2 col-form-label col-form-label-sm">Email</label>
      <div class="col-sm-10">
        <input type="email" class="form-control form-control-sm" id="smFormGroupInput" placeholder="[email protected]">
      </div>
    </div>
  </form>
</div>

Checkboxes and radios

Default checkboxes and radios are improved upon with the help of .form-check, a single class for both input types that improves the layout and behavior of their HTML elements. Checkboxes are for selecting one or several options in a list, while radios are for selecting one option from many.

Disabled checkboxes and radios are supported, but to provide a not-allowed cursor on hover of the parent <label>, you’ll need to add the .disabled class to the parent .form-check. The disabled class will also lighten the text color to help indicate the input’s state.

Default (stacked)

By default, any number of checkboxes and radios that are immediate sibling will be vertically stacked and appropriately spaced with .form-check.

<div class="form-check">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox" value="">
    Option one is this and that&mdash;be sure to include why it's great
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-check disabled">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox" value="" disabled>
    Option two is disabled
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-check">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="exampleRadios" id="exampleRadios1" value="option1" checked>
    Option one is this and that&mdash;be sure to include why it's great
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-check">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="exampleRadios" id="exampleRadios2" value="option2">
    Option two can be something else and selecting it will deselect option one
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-check disabled">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="exampleRadios" id="exampleRadios3" value="option3" disabled>
    Option three is disabled
  </label>
</div>

Inline

Groups of checkboxes or radios that appear on the same horizontal row are similar to their stacked counterparts, but require different HTML and a single class. To switch from stacked to inline, drop the surrounding <div>, add .form-check-inline to the <label>, and keep the .form-check-input on the <input>.

<label class="form-check-inline">
  <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox" id="inlineCheckbox1" value="option1"> 1
</label>
<label class="form-check-inline">
  <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox" id="inlineCheckbox2" value="option2"> 2
</label>
<label class="form-check-inline">
  <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox" id="inlineCheckbox3" value="option3"> 3
</label>
<label class="form-check-inline">
  <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="inlineRadioOptions" id="inlineRadio1" value="option1"> 1
</label>
<label class="form-check-inline">
  <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="inlineRadioOptions" id="inlineRadio2" value="option2"> 2
</label>
<label class="form-check-inline">
  <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="inlineRadioOptions" id="inlineRadio3" value="option3"> 3
</label>

Without labels

Should you have no text within the <label>, the input is positioned as you’d expect. Currently only works on non-inline checkboxes and radios. Remember to still provide some form of label for assistive technologies (for instance, using aria-label).

<div class="form-check">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="checkbox" id="blankCheckbox" value="option1" aria-label="...">
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-check">
  <label class="form-check-label">
    <input class="form-check-input" type="radio" name="blankRadio" id="blankRadio1" value="option1" aria-label="...">
  </label>
</div>

Static controls

When you need to place plain text next to a form label within a form, use the .form-control-static class on a <p>.

[email protected]

<form>
  <div class="form-group row">
    <label class="col-sm-2 col-form-label">Email</label>
    <div class="col-sm-10">
      <p class="form-control-static">[email protected]</p>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div class="form-group row">
    <label for="inputPassword" class="col-sm-2 col-form-label">Password</label>
    <div class="col-sm-10">
      <input type="password" class="form-control" id="inputPassword" placeholder="Password">
    </div>
  </div>
</form>

[email protected]

<form class="form-inline">
  <div class="form-group">
    <label class="sr-only">Email</label>
    <p class="form-control-static">[email protected]</p>
  </div>
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="inputPassword2" class="sr-only">Password</label>
    <input type="password" class="form-control" id="inputPassword2" placeholder="Password">
  </div>
  <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Confirm identity</button>
</form>

Disabled states

Add the disabled boolean attribute on an input to prevent user interactions. Disabled inputs appear lighter and add a not-allowed cursor.

<input class="form-control" id="disabledInput" type="text" placeholder="Disabled input here..." disabled>

Add the disabled attribute to a <fieldset> to disable all the controls within.

<form>
  <fieldset disabled>
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="disabledTextInput">Disabled input</label>
      <input type="text" id="disabledTextInput" class="form-control" placeholder="Disabled input">
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
      <label for="disabledSelect">Disabled select menu</label>
      <select id="disabledSelect" class="form-control">
        <option>Disabled select</option>
      </select>
    </div>
    <div class="checkbox">
      <label>
        <input type="checkbox"> Can't check this
      </label>
    </div>
    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
  </fieldset>
</form>

By default, browsers will treat all native form controls (<input>, <select> and <button> elements) inside a <fieldset disabled> as disabled, preventing both keyboard and mouse interactions on them. However, if your form also includes <a ... class="btn btn-*"> elements, these will only be given a style of pointer-events: none. As noted in the section about disabled state for buttons (and specifically in the sub-section for anchor elements), this CSS property is not yet standardized and isn’t fully supported in Opera 18 and below, or in Internet Explorer 11, and won’t prevent keyboard users from being able to focus or activate these links. So to be safe, use custom JavaScript to disable such links.

Cross-browser compatibility

While Bootstrap will apply these styles in all browsers, Internet Explorer 11 and below don’t fully support the disabled attribute on a <fieldset>. Use custom JavaScript to disable the fieldset in these browsers.

Readonly inputs

Add the readonly boolean attribute on an input to prevent modification of the input’s value. Read-only inputs appear lighter (just like disabled inputs), but retain the standard cursor.

<input class="form-control" type="text" placeholder="Readonly input here…" readonly>

Control sizing

Set heights using classes like .form-control-lg, and set widths using grid column classes like .col-lg-*.

<input class="form-control form-control-lg" type="text" placeholder=".form-control-lg">
<input class="form-control" type="text" placeholder="Default input">
<input class="form-control form-control-sm" type="text" placeholder=".form-control-sm">
<select class="form-control form-control-lg">
  <option>Large select</option>
</select>
<select class="form-control">
  <option>Default select</option>
</select>
<select class="form-control form-control-sm">
  <option>Small select</option>
</select>

Column sizing

Wrap inputs in grid columns, or any custom parent element, to easily enforce desired widths.

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-xs-2">
    <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder=".col-xs-2">
  </div>
  <div class="col-xs-3">
    <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder=".col-xs-3">
  </div>
  <div class="col-xs-4">
    <input type="text" class="form-control" placeholder=".col-xs-4">
  </div>
</div>

Help text

Block-level help text in forms can be created using .form-text (previously known as .help-block in v3). Inline help text can be flexibly implemented using any inline HTML element and utility classes like .text-muted.

Associating help text with form controls

Help text should be explicitly associated with the form control it relates to using the aria-describedby attribute. This will ensure that assistive technologies – such as screen readers – will announce this help text when the user focuses or enters the control.

Block level

Block help text—for below inputs or for longer lines of help text—can be easily achieved with .form-text. This class includes display: block and adds some top margin for easy spacing from the inputs above.

Your password must be 8-20 characters long, contain letters and numbers, and must not contain spaces, special characters, or emoji.

<label for="inputPassword5">Password</label>
<input type="password" id="inputPassword5" class="form-control" aria-describedby="passwordHelpBlock">
<p id="passwordHelpBlock" class="form-text text-muted">
  Your password must be 8-20 characters long, contain letters and numbers, and must not contain spaces, special characters, or emoji.
</p>

Inline

Inline text can use any typical inline HTML element (be it a <small>, <span>, or something else).

Must be 8-20 characters long.
<form class="form-inline">
  <div class="form-group">
    <label for="inputPassword4">Password</label>
    <input type="password" id="inputPassword4" class="form-control" aria-describedby="passwordHelpInline">
    <small id="passwordHelpInline" class="text-muted">
      Must be 8-20 characters long.
    </small>
  </div>
</form>

Validation

Bootstrap includes validation styles for danger, warning, and success states on form controls. Here’s a rundown of how they work:

  • To use, add .has-warning, .has-danger, or .has-success to the parent element. Any .col-form-label, .form-control, or custom form element will receive the validation styles.
  • Contextual validation text, in addition to your usual form field help text, can be added with the use of .form-control-feedback. This text will adapt to the parent .has-* class. By default it only includes a bit of margin for spacing and a modified color for each state.
  • Validation icons are url()s configured via Sass variables that are applied to background-image declarations for each state.
  • You may use your own base64 PNGs or SVGs by updating the Sass variables and recompiling.
  • Icons can also be disabled entirely by setting the variables to none or commenting out the source Sass.

Generally speaking, you’ll want to use a particular state for specific types of feedback:

  • Danger is great for when there’s a blocking or required field. A user must fill in this field properly to submit the form.
  • Warning works well for input values that are in progress, like password strength, or soft validation before a user attempts to submit a form.
  • And lastly, success is ideal for situations when you have per-field validation throughout a form and want to encourage a user through the rest of the fields.

Here are some examples of the aforementioned classes in action.

Example help text that remains unchanged.
Example help text that remains unchanged.
Example help text that remains unchanged.
<div class="form-group has-success">
  <label class="col-form-label" for="inputSuccess1">Input with success</label>
  <input type="text" class="form-control form-control-success" id="inputSuccess1">
  <div class="form-control-feedback">Success! You've done it.</div>
  <small class="form-text text-muted">Example help text that remains unchanged.</small>
</div>
<div class="form-group has-warning">
  <label class="col-form-label" for="inputWarning1">Input with warning</label>
  <input type="text" class="form-control form-control-warning" id="inputWarning1">
  <div class="form-control-feedback">Shucks, check the formatting of that and try again.</div>
  <small class="form-text text-muted">Example help text that remains unchanged.</small>
</div>
<div class="form-group has-danger">
  <label class="col-form-label" for="inputDanger1">Input with danger</label>
  <input type="text" class="form-control form-control-danger" id="inputDanger1">
  <div class="form-control-feedback">Shit, that username's taken. Try another?</div>
  <small class="form-text text-muted">Example help text that remains unchanged.</small>
</div>
<div class="checkbox has-success">
  <label>
    <input type="checkbox" id="checkboxSuccess" value="option1">
    Checkbox with success
  </label>
</div>
<div class="checkbox has-warning">
  <label>
    <input type="checkbox" id="checkboxWarning" value="option1">
    Checkbox with warning
  </label>
</div>
<div class="checkbox has-danger">
  <label>
    <input type="checkbox" id="checkboxDanger" value="option1">
    Checkbox with danger
  </label>
</div>

Custom forms

For even more customization and cross browser consistency, use our completely custom form elements to replace the browser defaults. They’re built on top of semantic and accessible markup, so they’re solid replacements for any default form control.

Checkboxes and radios

Each checkbox and radio is wrapped in a <label> for three reasons:

  • It provides a larger hit areas for checking the control.
  • It provides a helpful and semantic wrapper to help us replace the default <input>s.
  • It triggers the state of the <input> automatically, meaning no JavaScript is required.

We hide the default <input> with opacity and use the .custom-control-indicator to build a new custom form indicator in its place. Unfortunately we can’t build a custom one from just the <input> because CSS’s content doesn’t work on that element.

We use the sibling selector (~) for all our <input> states—like :checked—to properly style our custom form indicator. When combined with the .custom-control-description class, we can also style the text for each item based on the <input>’s state.

In the checked states, we use base64 embedded SVG icons from Open Iconic. This provides us the best control for styling and positioning across browsers and devices.

Checkboxes

<label class="custom-control custom-checkbox">
  <input type="checkbox" class="custom-control-input">
  <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
  <span class="custom-control-description">Check this custom checkbox</span>
</label>

Custom checkboxes can also utilize the :indeterminate pseudo class when manually set via JavaScript (there is no available HTML attribute for specifying it).

If you’re using jQuery, something like this should suffice:

$('.your-checkbox').prop('indeterminate', true)

Radios

<label class="custom-control custom-radio">
  <input id="radio1" name="radio" type="radio" class="custom-control-input">
  <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
  <span class="custom-control-description">Toggle this custom radio</span>
</label>
<label class="custom-control custom-radio">
  <input id="radio2" name="radio" type="radio" class="custom-control-input">
  <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
  <span class="custom-control-description">Or toggle this other custom radio</span>
</label>

Disabled

Custom checkboxes and radios can also be disabled. Add the disabled boolean attribute to the <input> and the custom indicator and label description will be automatically styled.

<label class="custom-control custom-checkbox">
  <input type="checkbox" class="custom-control-input" disabled>
  <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
  <span class="custom-control-description">Check this custom checkbox</span>
</label>

<label class="custom-control custom-radio">
  <input id="radio3" name="radioDisabled" type="radio" class="custom-control-input" disabled>
  <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
  <span class="custom-control-description">Toggle this custom radio</span>
</label>

Validation states

Add other states to your custom forms with our validation classes.

<div class="form-group has-success">
  <label class="custom-control custom-checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox" class="custom-control-input">
    <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
    <span class="custom-control-description">Check this custom checkbox</span>
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-group has-warning">
  <label class="custom-control custom-checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox" class="custom-control-input">
    <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
    <span class="custom-control-description">Check this custom checkbox</span>
  </label>
</div>
<div class="form-group has-danger m-b-0">
  <label class="custom-control custom-checkbox">
    <input type="checkbox" class="custom-control-input">
    <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
    <span class="custom-control-description">Check this custom checkbox</span>
  </label>
</div>

Stacked

Custom checkboxes and radios are inline to start. Add a parent with class .custom-controls-stacked to ensure each form control is on separate lines.

<div class="custom-controls-stacked">
  <label class="custom-control custom-radio">
    <input id="radioStacked1" name="radio-stacked" type="radio" class="custom-control-input">
    <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
    <span class="custom-control-description">Toggle this custom radio</span>
  </label>
  <label class="custom-control custom-radio">
    <input id="radioStacked2" name="radio-stacked" type="radio" class="custom-control-input">
    <span class="custom-control-indicator"></span>
    <span class="custom-control-description">Or toggle this other custom radio</span>
  </label>
</div>

Select menu

Custom <select> menus need only a custom class, .custom-select to trigger the custom styles.

<select class="custom-select">
  <option selected>Open this select menu</option>
  <option value="1">One</option>
  <option value="2">Two</option>
  <option value="3">Three</option>
</select>

Custom selects degrade nicely in IE9, receiving only a handful of overrides to remove the custom background-image. Multiple selects (e.g., <select multiple>) are not currently supported.

File browser

The file input is the most gnarly of the bunch and require additional JavaScript if you’d like to hook them up with functional Choose file… and selected file name text.

<label class="custom-file">
  <input type="file" id="file" class="custom-file-input">
  <span class="custom-file-control"></span>
</label>

Here’s how it works:

  • We wrap the <input> in a <label> so the custom control properly triggers the file browser.
  • We hide the default file <input> via opacity.
  • We use :after to generate a custom background and directive (Choose file…).
  • We use :before to generate and position the Browse button.
  • We declare a height on the <input> for proper spacing for surrounding content.

In other words, it’s an entirely custom element, all generated via CSS.

Translating or customizing the strings

The :lang() pseudo-class is used to allow for easy translation of the “Browse” and “Choose file…” text into other languages. Simply override or add entries to the $custom-file-text SCSS variable with the relevant language tag and localized strings. The English strings can be customized the same way. For example, here’s how one might add a Spanish translation (Spanish’s language code is es):

$custom-file-text: (
  placeholder: (
    en: "Choose file...",
    es: "Seleccionar archivo..."
  ),
  button-label: (
    en: "Browse",
    es: "Navegar"
  )
);

You’ll need to set the language of your document (or subtree thereof) correctly in order for the correct text to be shown. This can be done using the lang attribute or the Content-Language HTTP header, among other methods.