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Utilities

Bootstrap includes dozens of utilities—classes with a single purpose to reduce the frequency of highly repetitive declarations.

Flexbox

Quickly manage the layout, alignment, and sizing of grid columns, navigation, components, and more with a full suite of responsive flexbox utilities. For more complex implementations, custom CSS may be necessary.

Contents

Enable flex behaviors

Apply display utilities to create a flexbox container and transform direct children elements into flex items. Flex containers and items are able to be modified further with additional flex properties.

I'm a flexbox container!
<div class="d-flex p-2">I'm a flexbox container!</div>
I'm an inline flexbox container!
<div class="d-inline-flex p-2">I'm an inline flexbox container!</div>

Responsive variations also exist for .d-flex and .d-inline-flex.

  • .d-flex
  • .d-inline-flex
  • .d-sm-flex
  • .d-sm-inline-flex
  • .d-md-flex
  • .d-md-inline-flex
  • .d-lg-flex
  • .d-lg-inline-flex
  • .d-xl-flex
  • .d-xl-inline-flex

Direction

Set the direction of flex items in a flex container with direction utilities. In most cases you can omit the horizontal class here as the browser default is row. However, you may encounter situations where you needed to explicitly set this value (like responsive layouts).

Use .flex-row to set a horizontal direction (the browser default), or .flex-row-reverse to start the horizontal direction from the opposite side.

Flex item 1
Flex item 2
Flex item 3
Flex item 1
Flex item 2
Flex item 3
<div class="d-flex flex-row">
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 1</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 2</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 3</div>
</div>
<div class="d-flex flex-row-reverse">
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 1</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 2</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 3</div>
</div>

Use .flex-column to set a vertical direction, or .flex-column-reverse to start the vertical direction from the opposite side.

Flex item 1
Flex item 2
Flex item 3
Flex item 1
Flex item 2
Flex item 3
<div class="d-flex flex-column">
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 1</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 2</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 3</div>
</div>
<div class="d-flex flex-column-reverse">
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 1</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 2</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item 3</div>
</div>

Responsive variations also exist for flex-direction.

  • .flex-row
  • .flex-row-reverse
  • .flex-column
  • .flex-column-reverse
  • .flex-sm-row
  • .flex-sm-row-reverse
  • .flex-sm-column
  • .flex-sm-column-reverse
  • .flex-md-row
  • .flex-md-row-reverse
  • .flex-md-column
  • .flex-md-column-reverse
  • .flex-lg-row
  • .flex-lg-row-reverse
  • .flex-lg-column
  • .flex-lg-column-reverse
  • .flex-xl-row
  • .flex-xl-row-reverse
  • .flex-xl-column
  • .flex-xl-column-reverse

Justify content

Use justify-content utilities on flexbox containers to change the alignment of flex items on the main axis (the x-axis to start, y-axis if flex-direction: column). Choose from start (browser default), end, center, between, or around.

Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex justify-content-start">...</div>
<div class="d-flex justify-content-end">...</div>
<div class="d-flex justify-content-center">...</div>
<div class="d-flex justify-content-between">...</div>
<div class="d-flex justify-content-around">...</div>

Responsive variations also exist for justify-content.

  • .justify-content-start
  • .justify-content-end
  • .justify-content-center
  • .justify-content-between
  • .justify-content-around
  • .justify-content-sm-start
  • .justify-content-sm-end
  • .justify-content-sm-center
  • .justify-content-sm-between
  • .justify-content-sm-around
  • .justify-content-md-start
  • .justify-content-md-end
  • .justify-content-md-center
  • .justify-content-md-between
  • .justify-content-md-around
  • .justify-content-lg-start
  • .justify-content-lg-end
  • .justify-content-lg-center
  • .justify-content-lg-between
  • .justify-content-lg-around
  • .justify-content-xl-start
  • .justify-content-xl-end
  • .justify-content-xl-center
  • .justify-content-xl-between
  • .justify-content-xl-around

Align items

Use align-items utilities on flexbox containers to change the alignment of flex items on the cross axis (the y-axis to start, x-axis if flex-direction: column). Choose from start, end, center, baseline, or stretch (browser default).

Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-items-start">...</div>
<div class="d-flex align-items-end">...</div>
<div class="d-flex align-items-center">...</div>
<div class="d-flex align-items-baseline">...</div>
<div class="d-flex align-items-stretch">...</div>

Responsive variations also exist for align-items.

  • .align-items-start
  • .align-items-end
  • .align-items-center
  • .align-items-baseline
  • .align-items-stretch
  • .align-items-sm-start
  • .align-items-sm-end
  • .align-items-sm-center
  • .align-items-sm-baseline
  • .align-items-sm-stretch
  • .align-items-md-start
  • .align-items-md-end
  • .align-items-md-center
  • .align-items-md-baseline
  • .align-items-md-stretch
  • .align-items-lg-start
  • .align-items-lg-end
  • .align-items-lg-center
  • .align-items-lg-baseline
  • .align-items-lg-stretch
  • .align-items-xl-start
  • .align-items-xl-end
  • .align-items-xl-center
  • .align-items-xl-baseline
  • .align-items-xl-stretch

Align self

Use align-self utilities on flexbox items to individually change their alignment on the cross axis (the y-axis to start, x-axis if flex-direction: column). Choose from the same options as align-items: start, end, center, baseline, or stretch (browser default).

Flex item
Aligned flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Aligned flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Aligned flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Aligned flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Aligned flex item
Flex item
<div class="align-self-start">Aligned flex item</div>
<div class="align-self-end">Aligned flex item</div>
<div class="align-self-center">Aligned flex item</div>
<div class="align-self-baseline">Aligned flex item</div>
<div class="align-self-stretch">Aligned flex item</div>

Responsive variations also exist for align-self.

  • .align-self-start
  • .align-self-end
  • .align-self-center
  • .align-self-baseline
  • .align-self-stretch
  • .align-self-sm-start
  • .align-self-sm-end
  • .align-self-sm-center
  • .align-self-sm-baseline
  • .align-self-sm-stretch
  • .align-self-md-start
  • .align-self-md-end
  • .align-self-md-center
  • .align-self-md-baseline
  • .align-self-md-stretch
  • .align-self-lg-start
  • .align-self-lg-end
  • .align-self-lg-center
  • .align-self-lg-baseline
  • .align-self-lg-stretch
  • .align-self-xl-start
  • .align-self-xl-end
  • .align-self-xl-center
  • .align-self-xl-baseline
  • .align-self-xl-stretch

Auto margins

Flexbox can do some pretty awesome things when you mix flex alignments with auto margins.

With justify-content

Easily move all flex items to one side, but keep another on the opposite end by mixing justify-content with margin-right: auto or margin-left: auto.

Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex justify-content-end">
  <div class="mr-auto p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
</div>

<div class="d-flex justify-content-start">
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="ml-auto p-2">Flex item</div>
</div>

With align-items

Similarly, move one flex item to the top or bottom of a container by mixing align-items, flex-direction: column, and margin-top: auto or margin-bottom: auto.

Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-items-start flex-column" style="height: 200px;">
  <div class="mb-auto p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
</div>

<div class="d-flex align-items-end flex-column" style="height: 200px;">
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Flex item</div>
  <div class="mt-auto p-2">Flex item</div>
</div>

Wrap

Change how flex items wrap in a flex container. Choose from no wrapping at all (the browser default) with .flex-nowrap, wrapping with .flex-wrap, or reverse wrapping with .flex-wrap-reverse.

Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex flex-nowrap">
  ...
</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex flex-wrap">
  ...
</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex flex-wrap-reverse">
  ...
</div>

Responsive variations also exist for flex-wrap.

  • .flex-nowrap
  • .flex-wrap
  • .flex-wrap-reverse
  • .flex-sm-nowrap
  • .flex-sm-wrap
  • .flex-sm-wrap-reverse
  • .flex-md-nowrap
  • .flex-md-wrap
  • .flex-md-wrap-reverse
  • .flex-lg-nowrap
  • .flex-lg-wrap
  • .flex-lg-wrap-reverse
  • .flex-xl-nowrap
  • .flex-xl-wrap
  • .flex-xl-wrap-reverse

Order

Change the visual order of specific flex items with a handful of order utilities. We only provide options for making an item first or last, as well as a reset to use the DOM order. As order takes any integer value (e.g., 5), add custom CSS for any additional values needed.

First flex item
Second flex item
Third flex item
<div class="d-flex flex-nowrap">
  <div class="flex-last p-2">First flex item</div>
  <div class="p-2">Second flex item</div>
  <div class="flex-first p-2">Third flex item</div>
</div>

Responsive variations also exist for order.

  • .order-first
  • .order-last
  • .order-unordered
  • .order-sm-first
  • .order-sm-last
  • .order-sm-unordered
  • .order-md-first
  • .order-md-last
  • .order-md-unordered
  • .order-lg-first
  • .order-lg-last
  • .order-lg-unordered
  • .order-xl-first
  • .order-xl-last
  • .order-xl-unordered

Align content

Use align-content utilities on flexbox containers to align flex items together on the cross axis. Choose from start (browser default), end, center, between, around, or stretch. To demonstrate these utilities, we’ve enforced flex-wrap: wrap and increased the number of flex items.

Heads up! This property has no affect on single rows of flex items.

Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-content-start flex-wrap">
  ...
</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-content-end flex-wrap">...</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-content-center flex-wrap">...</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-content-between flex-wrap">...</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-content-around flex-wrap">...</div>
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
Flex item
<div class="d-flex align-content-stretch flex-wrap">...</div>

Responsive variations also exist for align-content.

  • .align-content-start
  • .align-content-end
  • .align-content-center
  • .align-content-around
  • .align-content-stretch
  • .align-content-sm-start
  • .align-content-sm-end
  • .align-content-sm-center
  • .align-content-sm-around
  • .align-content-sm-stretch
  • .align-content-md-start
  • .align-content-md-end
  • .align-content-md-center
  • .align-content-md-around
  • .align-content-md-stretch
  • .align-content-lg-start
  • .align-content-lg-end
  • .align-content-lg-center
  • .align-content-lg-around
  • .align-content-lg-stretch
  • .align-content-xl-start
  • .align-content-xl-end
  • .align-content-xl-center
  • .align-content-xl-around
  • .align-content-xl-stretch